Minus their greens, left to right: the Caesar Salad With Chicken from the Cheesecake Factory; the Quesadilla Explosion Salad from Chili’s Grill & Bar; the Waldorf Salad from California Pizza Kitchen. (T.J. Kirkpatrick/For The Washington Post)

As the world population grows, we have a pressing need to eat better and farm better, and those of us trying to figure out how to do those things have pointed at lots of different foods as problematic. Almonds, for their water use. Corn, for the monoculture. Beef, for its greenhouse gases. In each of those cases, there’s some truth in the finger-pointing, but none of them is a clear-cut villain.

There’s one food, though, that has almost nothing going for it. It occupies precious crop acreage, requires fossil fuels to be shipped, refrigerated, around the world, and adds nothing but crunch to the plate.

It’s salad, and here are three main reasons why we need to rethink it.

Salad vegetables are pitifully low in nutrition. The biggest thing wrong with salads is lettuce, and the biggest thing wrong with lettuce is that it’s a leafy-green waste of resources.

In July, when I wrote 시흥출장마사지 on the calories-per-acre metric, a number of people wrote to tell me I was ignoring nutrition. Which I was. Not because nutrition isn’t important, but because we get all the nutrition we need in a fraction of our recommended daily calories, and filling in the rest of the day’s food is a job for crops like corn. But if you think nutrition is the most important metric, don’t direct your ire at corn. Turn instead to lettuce.

One of the people I heard from about nutrition is researcher Charles Benbrook. He and colleague Donald Davis developed a nutrient quality index — a way to rate foods based on how much of 27 nutrients they contain. Four of the five lowest-ranking vegetables (by serving size) are salad ingredients: cucumbers, radishes, iceberg lettuce and celery. (The fifth is eggplant.)

Those foods’ nutritional profile can be partly explained by one simple fact: They’re almost all water. Although water figures prominently in just about every vegetable (the sweet potato, one of the least watery, is 77 percent), those four salad vegetables top the list at 95 to 97 percent water. A head of iceberg lettuce has the same water content as a bottle of Evian (1-liter size: 96 percent water, 4 percent bottle) and is only marginally more nutritious.

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  • Take collard greens. They are 90 percent water, which still sounds like a lot. But it means that, compared with lettuce, every pound of collard greens contains about twice as much stuff that isn’t water, which, of course, is where the nutrition lives. But you’re also likely to eat much more of them, because you cook them. A large serving of lettuce feels like a bona fide vegetable, but when you saute it (not that I’m recommending that), you’ll see that two cups of romaine cooks down to a bite or two.

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  • The corollary to the nutrition problem is the expense problem. The makings of a green salad — say, a head of lettuce, a cucumber and a bunch of radishes — cost about $3 at my supermarket. For that, I could buy more than two pounds of broccoli, sweet potatoes or just about any frozen vegetable going, any of which would make for a much more nutritious side dish to my roast chicken.

    Lettuce is a vehicle to transport refrigerated water from farm to table. When we switch to vegetables that are twice as nutritious — like those collards or tomatoes or green beans — not only do we free up half the acres now growing lettuce, we cut back on the fossil fuels and other resources needed for transport and storage.

    Save the planet, skip the salad.

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  • Salad fools dieters into making bad choices. Lots of what passes for salad in restaurants is just the same as the rest of the calorie-dense diabolically palatable food that’s making us fat, but with a few lettuce leaves tossed in. Next time you order a salad, engage in a little thought experiment: Picture the salad without the lettuce, cucumber and radish, which are nutritionally and calorically irrelevant. Is it a little pile of croutons and cheese, with a few carrot shavings and lots of ranch dressing?

    Call something “salad,” and it immediately acquires what Pierre Chandon calls a “health halo.” Chandon, professor of marketing at INSEAD, an international business school in Fontainebleau, France, says that once people have the idea it’s good for them, they stop paying attention “to its actual nutritional content or, even worse, to its portion size.”용인릉콜걸샵┖익산출장맛사지┏『목포출장소이스〖카톡: mo27〗【anma02.c0m】출장샵후기출장여대생Y◊◐2019-01-19-14-09목포◦AIJ▶출장최고시출장만남출장안마야한곳✑출장업계위❖출장시┓목포』안동출장샵안내↘계룡출장아가씨↾태백동출장마사지⊕보령흥출장안마

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  • 모텔출장

    I won’t be the first to point out that items labeled “salad” at chain restaurants are often as bad, if not worse, than pastas or sandwiches or burgers when it comes to calories. Take Applebee’s, where the Oriental Chicken Salad clocks in at 1,400 calories , and the grilled version is only 110 calories lighter. Even the Grilled Chicken Caesar, the least calorific of the salads on the regular menu, is 800 calories.

    Of course, salad isn’t always a bad choice, and Applebee’s has a selection of special menu items under 550 calories (many chain restaurants have a similar menu category). Applebee’s Thai Shrimp Salad is only 390 calories (although it has more sodium than the Oriental Chicken Salad). Other chains, like relative newcomer 목포콜걸출장안마 , have a good selection of salads that go further toward earning their health halo: more actual vegetables, less fried stuff.

    I asked Bret Thorn, columnist at Nation’s Restaurant News and longtime observer of the restaurant industry, about salads. “Chefs are cognizant of what’s going on in the psychology of diners,” he said. “They’re doing a kind of psychological health washing,” not just with salads, but with labels like “fresh” and “natural,” and foods that are “local” and “seasonal.” “A chef is not a nutritionist, or public health advocate,” Thorn points out. “They make food that customers want to buy.”

    And we want to buy things that are fried or creamy or salty or sweet, or all of those things. Which doesn’t mean that the right salad can’t be a good choice for a nutritious meal. It just means that it’s easy to get snookered.

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    포천출장외국인✥김해출장샵안내♖『목포출장샵추천[카톡: mo27]【anma02.c0m】출장만남출장샵Y⊥↔2019-01-19-14-09목포▼AIJ◐오피출장미인아가씨콜걸출장마사지◐출장샵콜걸▨출장업소✔목포』보령외국인출장만남↷안양출장서비스보장☭수원출장만족보장﹃나주출장업계위
  • 목포출장최고시《카톡: mo27》《anma02.c0m》출장만족보장출장여대생Y☆✏2019-01-19-14-09목포⇇AIJ↔출장만족보장콜걸만남출장아가씨┮출장최강미녀♀출장안마▧ 목포
  • 경상남도출장안마↕경상남도출장코스가격⊙『목포출장최고시『카톡: mo27』〖anma02.c0m〗출장안마출장미인아가씨Y┼▒2019-01-19-14-09목포┢AIJ░출장샵추천콜걸강추출장소이스홍성✲역출장안마⇖릉콜걸샵♀ 목포』김포콜걸샵☼안동릉콜걸샵♔밀양콜걸출장마사지➻서울출장서비스
  • 목포출장샵후기【카톡: mo27】[anma02.c0m]출장서비스보장외국인출장만남Y▶⇇2019-01-19-14-09목포┺AIJ✘역출장안마오피걸출장안마야한곳⇌출장안마▧출장맛사지☼목포
  • Salad has unfortunate repercussions in our food supply. Lettuce has a couple of No. 1 unenviable rankings in the food world. For starters, it’s the top source of food waste, vegetable division, 의정부출장안마 . But it’s also the chief culprit for foodborne illnesses. According to the Centers for Disease Control, green leafies accounted for 목포출장샵안내 .

    To be fair, “leafy vegetables,” the CDC category, also includes cabbage, spinach and other kinds of greens, but the reason the category dominates is that the greens are often eaten raw. As in salad.

    of this is to say that salad doesn’t have a role in our food supply. I like salad, and there’s been many a time a big bowl of salad on the dinner table has kept me from a second helping of lasagna. The salads we make at home aren’t the same as the ones we buy in restaurants; according to the recipe app 목포미시출장안마 , its collection of lettuce-based salads average 398 calories per serving (although a few do get up into Oriental Chicken territory).

    An iceberg 목포출장연애인급 , with radishes and bacon and blue-cheese dressing, is something I certainly have no plans to give up. But as we look for ways to rejigger our food supply to grow crops responsibly and feed people nutritiously, maybe we should stop thinking about salad as a wholesome staple, and start thinking about it as a resource-hungry luxury.

  • 목포오피걸[카톡: mo27][anma02.c0m]흥출장안마출장샵강추Y✍♣2019-01-19-14-09목포╎AIJ☆콜걸후기출장만족보장콜걸샵▨출장마사지║안마◘목포
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  • 양산출장업소
  • 목포출장서비스보장
  • 정읍출장업소╦이천출장최고시◄『목포출장샵예약포항〖카톡: mo27〗《anma02.c0m》콜걸샵출장소이스Y﹃═2019-01-19-14-09목포✒AIJ♛출장가격출장안마야한곳출장서비스보장⇀출장오쓰피걸╚콜걸출장안마■목포』포천출장오쓰피걸☴광주흥출장안마☝춘천출장오쓰피걸◑청주출장만남출장마사지목포출장맛사지〖카톡: mo27〗(anma02.c0m)릉콜걸샵출장안마야한곳Y♩┪2019-01-19-14-09목포〓AIJ│미시출장안마역출장안마출장안마야한곳➥출장샵예약╳출장서비스보장☪목포

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  • 남양주외국인오피걸
  • 논산출장여대생☁군포출장여대생➹『목포출장오쓰피걸{카톡: mo27}〖anma02.c0m〗출장업계위출장코스가격Y웃√2019-01-19-14-09목포↔AIJ☍출장만남출장색시미녀언니출장시┯콜걸출장안마☳출장여대생☋목포』하남동출장마사지►정읍출장안마야한곳✚통영콜걸만남♘이천출장연애인급
    김천출장색시미녀언니-양산출장오쓰피걸♛『목포콜걸후기【카톡: mo27】〖anma02.c0m〗출장만남출장샵후기Y⇩○2019-01-19-14-09목포☀AIJ➹출장코스가격출장샵후기릉콜걸샵┇미시출장안마▨오피걸﹄목포』양산출장오피┪통영출장샵후기➽경상남도출장오피ⓞ창원출장업소
  • 목포콜걸강추
  • 출장샵
  • 목포출장샵후기〖카톡: mo27〗{anma02.c0m}콜걸만남출장만족보장Y♩▪2019-01-19-14-09목포↕AIJ➷역출장안마출장안마추천출장업소⇊출장업소▬오피⇪목포
  • 목포출장소이스홍성『카톡: mo27』[anma02.c0m]출장업계위외국인출장만남Y♬⊥2019-01-19-14-09목포£AIJ↜출장아가씨출장연애인급출장서비스☃출장샵예약♤출장소이스↽목포
  • 목포오피걸
  • 전라북도출장업계위♮논산콜걸♦『목포출장맛사지《카톡: mo27》{anma02.c0m}콜걸출장안마출장서비스Y╊◄2019-01-19-14-09목포❁AIJ⇩출장마사지흥출장안마출장소이스☆출장코스가격➹콜걸➶목포』경상북도출장업계위┢통영콜걸업소┓동해안마┠의정부오피걸



  • 목포출장외국인
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  • 목포출장샵『카톡: mo27』(anma02.c0m)콜걸만남오피Y➷☏2019-01-19-14-09목포♞AIJ◙출장최고시출장소이스미시출장안마☼흥출장안마☠릉콜걸샵.목포
  • 목포출장샵예약《카톡: mo27》{anma02.c0m}안마출장샵예약포항Y♀ ➶2019-01-19-14-09목포☳AIJ┻출장샵예약포항출장최강미녀출장샵후기⇅출장여대생☪출장몸매최고☪목포
  • 구미출장샵⇙안동출장안마U『목포출장여대생{카톡: mo27}{anma02.c0m}출장소이스출장최고시Y☁☄2019-01-19-14-09목포◐AIJ░출장여대생출장아가씨출장아가씨♧콜걸♥출장맛사지•목포』광명출장오쓰피걸↶강원도콜걸샵♣부천동출장마사지⊥강원도출장미인아가씨
  • 출장콜걸
  • 강릉콜걸추천┣창원출장만남₪『목포출장샵예약포항『카톡: mo27』(anma02.c0m)출장샵후기출장외국인Y◇✎2019-01-19-14-09목포┫AIJ↼출장안마야한곳콜걸출장안마출장최고시☞콜걸강추▦동출장마사지┚목포』통영출장만족보장↕제천동출장마사지➻대구출장안마✔목포출장몸매최고모텔출장목포역출장안마[카톡: mo27][anma02.c0m]출장안마추천출장소이스Y◦◊2019-01-19-14-09목포↕AIJ┷오피걸출장안마야한곳콜걸▩출장아가씨◐출장최고시╬ 목포목포출장샵(카톡: mo27)(anma02.c0m)출장여대생출장마사지Y☱↷2019-01-19-14-09목포☭AIJ♚출장소이스출장몸매최고출장샵★출장샵↖오피걸♪목포
  • 구리오피걸
  • 부천출장샵콜걸♀ 과천콜걸샵▧ 『목포출장샵추천[카톡: mo27]【anma02.c0m】콜걸후기출장몸매최고Y⇦☎2019-01-19-14-09목포┠AIJ┸출장소이스출장서비스동출장마사지╓콜걸만남❃콜걸강추➺목포』문경출장연애인급✐구리콜걸업소◦이천콜걸➳안동출장외국인

  • 목포출장코스가격〖카톡: mo27〗(anma02.c0m)출장만남출장서비스Y→↘2019-01-19-14-09목포↕AIJ⇛안마출장코스가격출장샵강추↲출장안마야한곳➼출장만남♭목포
  • 수원출장최고시●전라북도출장아가씨☭『목포출장서비스{카톡: mo27}(anma02.c0m)콜걸출장서비스보장Y➻×2019-01-19-14-09목포➢AIJ♔출장몸매최고오피걸오피걸☟안마▼콜걸출장안마☺목포』경주콜걸만남╳군포흥출장안마☏이천출장가격├전주출장여대생목포출장샵추천【카톡: mo27】(anma02.c0m)콜걸업소출장외국인Y↴✃2019-01-19-14-09목포⇠AIJ↧콜걸출장안마출장업계위출장오쓰피걸◕출장안마야한곳╍출장서비스보장☆목포구미콜걸추천↛진해출장만남┲『목포콜걸출장안마〖카톡: mo27〗〖anma02.c0m〗릉콜걸샵모텔출장Y▣☞2019-01-19-14-09목포╍AIJ❉출장오쓰피걸콜걸만남출장서비스보장✚출장소이스☒콜걸추천◦목포』충청북도출장샵↘광명출장미인아가씨☪광주출장외국인♗김포콜걸후기
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  • 목포출장만남【카톡: mo27】{anma02.c0m}흥출장안마출장최고시Y☎▷2019-01-19-14-09목포┄AIJ↞콜걸출장안마출장샵콜걸콜걸강추⇣출장샵◐미시출장안마↽목포
  • 과천콜걸만남⇁안산역출장안마▤『목포출장업소《카톡: mo27》【anma02.c0m】출장코스가격미시출장안마Y◙▀2019-01-19-14-09목포☄AIJ┾출장최고시출장안마야한곳출장샵콜걸⇌출장안마야한곳▣출장업소⇪목포』동두천출장샵강추➛문경출장샵후기♚진주출장마사지✔영주출장최강미녀